Contributed by Paul 'WEiRD' de Weerd on from the so-hot-of-the-press-it-melts-your-cpu dept.
Meltdown mitigation is coming to OpenBSD. Philip Guenther (guenther@) has just committed a diff that implements a new mitigation technique to OpenBSD: Separation of page tables for kernel and userland. This fixes the Meltdown problems that affect most CPUs from Intel. Both Philip and Mike Larkin (mlarkin@) spent a lot of time implementing this solution, talking to various people from other projects on best approaches.
In the commit message, Philip briefly describes the implementation:
Meltdown: implement user/kernel page table separation. On Intel CPUs which speculate past user/supervisor page permission checks, use a separate page table for userspace with only the minimum of kernel code and data required for the transitions to/from the kernel (still marked as supervisor-only, of course): - the IDT (RO) - three pages of kernel text in the .kutext section for interrupt, trap, and syscall trampoline code (RX) - one page of kernel data in the .kudata section for TLB flush IPIs (RW) - the lapic page (RW, uncachable) - per CPU: one page for the TSS+GDT (RO) and one page for trampoline stacks (RW) When a syscall, trap, or interrupt takes a CPU from userspace to kernel the trampoline code switches page tables, switches stacks to the thread's real kernel stack, then copies over the necessary bits from the trampoline stack. On return to userspace the opposite occurs: recreate the iretq frame on the trampoline stack, switch stack, switch page tables, and return to userspace. mlarkin@ implemented the pmap bits and did 90% of the debugging, diagnosing issues on MP in particular, and drove the final push to completion. Many rounds of testing by naddy@, sthen@, and others Thanks to Alex Wilson from Joyent for early discussions about trampolines and their data requirements. Per-CPU page layout mostly inspired by DragonFlyBSD.
Even with extensive testing by developers, editors@ are sure more testing would be welcome. So grab a snapshot (if they're from February 22nd or later, they should contain the diff) and see how this behaves in your environment!
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